The paper industry must develop in the direction of forest paper integration
China's paper industry, after decades of development, has ranked third in the world for many years, which fully illustrates the rapid development of China's paper industry. However, China's paper products can basically only meet the needs of domestic low consumption level, and are far from meeting the requirements of pressure testing machines for high-quality paper products for users. How can we face the increasing domestic demand for high-grade paper? The only way to solve this problem is, in the words of experts, only "forest paper integration" is possible. "Forest paper integration" is not only to solve the problem of paper raw materials, but also one of the ways to solve the problem of small paper mills blooming everywhere and paper pollution. The state should also give some support in relevant policies, so that China's paper industry can embark on a virtuous cycle as soon as possible
among the manufacturing industries in the world, the output value of modern paper industry ranks behind the telecommunications manufacturing industry and automobile industry, but before the steel industry and aerospace industry. In developed countries such as the United States, Canada, Japan and Northern Europe, paper industry has become one of the ten pillar industries. In China, with the development of national economy and the improvement of people's living standards, the development of paper industry is particularly important
domestic pulp and paper rely on imports
China's pulp and paper have always depended on imports, especially since 1993, China's import of wood pulp, paper and paperboard has continued to grow, and the import of wood pulp in 2002 more than doubled that in 1998. At present, the imported pulp and paper rank third in the foreign exchange of China's main imported commodities, second only to oil and steel. The figures provided by the 2002 annual report of the China Paper Association show that in 2001, China imported wood pulp, paper and paperboard mhh-5 wood-based panel scratch tester structure used US $11.7 billion in foreign exchange, about 96 billion yuan. The money spent on imported pulp and paper products every year can rebuild a three gorge. Experts have concluded from the demonstration that wood papermaking is far better than grass fiber in pulp yield, cost comparison, environmental protection and so on. Only the characteristics of wood fiber can meet the requirements of high-grade and high-quality products. For a long time, China has been taking the production route of grass fiber as the main raw material. As a result, domestic paper products can only meet the needs of low-end consumption, but there is a serious shortage of high-end products with wood pulp as raw materials, so we can only rely on imports to meet the needs of the domestic market. The unreasonable structure of raw materials, the small proportion of wood pulp and the large proportion of non wood fiber in the paper industry are the bottlenecks restricting the development of domestic paper industry
"more grass and less wood" is the key.
professor cuiheming, a Chinese papermaking expert, has pointed out sharply that China's huge papermaking volume is supported by two "mud feet": one is "grass", that is, the route of taking grass fiber as the main pulping raw material of pulp, and the other is "small", that is, the industrial route of developing small paper mills. With these two feet, China's paper industry ranks among the third largest country in the world, It is facing a more serious crisis than other industries. More than 95% of the world's paper powers such as the United States, Canada, Finland and other countries use wood pulp for papermaking, while most domestic paper-making enterprises use wheat straw and waste as the main raw materials, and non wood fibers as the main raw materials. It is not only difficult to produce high-quality products in large quantities, such as coated paper, on the other hand, it has also caused the gradual increase in the demand of China's paper industry in the international market. The average size of enterprises is small, the technical equipment is backward, the pollution is serious, and the competitiveness is weak, That fundamentally restricts the development of China's paper industry
"more grass and less wood" is an objective factor for China's paper industry to take non wood fibers as the main production raw materials. China is a large agricultural country with abundant grass resources. Wheat straw is concentrated in Shandong, Anhui, Henan, Jiangsu and other provinces; Straw is concentrated in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Hunan and other provinces and regions; Hunan, Hubei and Northeast China are rich in reed resources; Guangdong and Guangxi are rich in sugarcane resources. On the other hand, China is short of forest resources, and its per capita forest area ranks 119 in the world. Moreover, the regional distribution of forests uses an additional layer of covering materials to reduce fading, which is extremely uneven, the tree age structure is unreasonable, and the recoverable resources are insufficient. Before the 1990s, the domestic paper market had been plagued by shortage. In order to eliminate the shortage, we focused on pursuing quantity expansion and expanding production capacity, which made papermaking with grass as raw material develop greatly
vigorously promote the "integration of forestry and paper"
to completely change this situation, we must get rid of the "mud foot" of "straw pulp as the main raw material" and develop a pulping route with wood fiber as the main raw material. The main source of wood fiber is artificial forest. The combination of forest and paper, interdependence and common development is the experience of the world's paper industry developed countries. The average forest coverage rate in the world is 26%, which is higher than or even more than a dozen times that of Canada, Finland and other paper-making developed countries. The rise of China's paper-making industry should also continue to rely on the integration of forest and paper, that is, the artificial forest farm is the first workshop of the paper industry, and the deeper is that forest and paper are the same investment subject. Over the past half century, China has built more than 300 million mu of artificial forests. We can't wait for the forest to be built before developing the wood pulp and paper industry, but we should use the development of paper industry to drive the development of artificial forests. In the process of developing forest paper integration, enterprises can invest in the construction of raw material forest base by themselves, take the construction of raw material forest as the first workshop of enterprise production, and include the cost of forest cultivation into the cost of pulp and paper products. Paper enterprises can also sign contracts or orders with farmers, share risks and benefits, and develop forest paper alliances. Paper enterprises can directly place orders or sign contracts with farmers, so that enterprises can obtain a stable supply of raw materials, and farmers can also ensure a stable income. With the practice of taking enterprises as the main body, supplemented by necessary national policies, the integration of forestry and paper will be carried out smoothly
paper industry is a rare industry in China that can not meet the domestic market demand at present. It is predicted that by 2015, the consumption of paper and paperboard in China will be about 80million tons. According to statistics, the average per capita paper consumption of all countries in the world in 2002 was 55 kg, the highest in the United States has nearly reached 310 kg per capita, while the figure of China is only 27 kg. Therefore, the potential of the paper market is huge. The combination of forestry and paper and the development of wood pulp paper industry are the strategic needs of reshaping China's paper industry
source: economic Li Nan
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